The Bhagavad-gita is a historical document that was spoken by Lord Krsna Himself,About 5000 years ago,to his friend and devotee,Arjuna,who found himself
on the battlefield,ready to fight his relatives, uncles, friends,and grandfather,over the kingdom that should have gone to Arjuna's brother,Yudhisthira ,as he was rightfully to become king,but because of family attachment Arjuna became perplexed,and dropped his bow,and lamented.He could not kill his relatives over his family's right to the kingdom.
At this moment he turns to Krsna,Who Agreed to be Arjuna's chariot driver,and in great anxiety,surrendered to Krsna saying,Now I Am surrendered to you ,Knowing
You to be the Supreme Personality Of Godhead,and you tell me what to do.Krsna then describes all of the yoga systems,leading up to Bhakti Yoga.
This all takes place right on the battlefield,when Krsna,being Arjuna's chariot driver,pulled up between the two great armies.They all were Arjuna's friends and relatives,who were waiting to fight over this kingdom.At that time Krsna Says to Arjuna,"My dear Arjuna,How have these Impurities come upon you?They are not at all befitting a man who knows the progressive values of life.They do not lead to higher planets,but to infamy.""O son of Prtha,do not yield to this degrading impotence.It does not become you.Give up such petty weakness of heart and arise,O chastiser of the enemy."The Blessed Lord also said,"While speaking learned words,you are mourning for what is not worthy of grief.Those who are wise lament neither for the living nor the dead."At that time Krsna shows Arjuna His Universal Form,which is very special,And Terrifying.
It is an All consuming,Gigantic,Special Form of all of Krsna's Unlimited Incarnations, all in one,with all the soldiers being eaten and going into the mouths of Visnu.Arjuna was terrified,and could realize what the end of this battle would be.He would be victorious,as he saw all of his relatives who were fighting against him being destroyed.
Arjuna lost his composure,at the terrifying form, and asked Krsna To See his four armed form,and then asked him to return to his Original Two armed form which is most pleasing.
As all this went on,it provided the background for Krsna To
speak The Bhagavad-Gita. This document was spoken by the Supreme Personality of Godhead,Himself,Krsna.
(CH.1 Text21)Arjuna said O infallible one,please draw my chariot between the two armies so that I may see who is present here,who is desirous of fighting,and with whom I must contend in this great battle attempt.
As it was repeated time and time again,through translation,and interpretation,the true purport of the Bhagavad-gita somehow lost its meaning,and its potency.Then Our Grandfather guru and Acarya of the Krsna Consciousness Movement,
translated The Bhagavad-gita AS It Is,because there was no true copy to be seen. Now We can know the True Translation and meaning of the Bhagavad -gita As It Is..krsnajoe
There have been many Yoga systems in this century,but none of them have actually taught the perfection of YOGA.
In the Bhagavad-gita,Sri Krsna the Supreme Personality of Godhead,teaches Arjuna directly the
perfection of yoga.If we actually want to participate in the perfection of the yoga system,in Bhagavad-gita we will find the authoritative statements of the supreme person.It is certainly remarkable that the Perfection of Yoga was taught to Arjuna,the warrior,just before Arjuna was to engage in a fratricidal battle.Out of sentiment,Arjuna was thinking ,"Why should I fight against my own kinsmen?" That reluctance to fight was due to Arjuna's illusion,and just to eradicate that illusion,Sri Krsna spoke the Bhagavad-gita to him.One can just imagine how little time must have elapsed while Bhagavad-gita was being spoken.All the warriors on both sides were poised to fight,so there was very little time indeed-at the utmost,one hour.
Within this one hour,the whole Bhagavad-gita was discussed,and Sri Krsna set forth the perfection of all yoga systems to His friend Arjuna.At the end of this great discourse,Arjuna set aside his misgiving and fought.
The blessed Lord said;While speaking learned words,you are mourning for what is not worthy of grief.Those who are wise lament neither for the living nor the dead.
<However,within the discourse,when Arjuna heard the explanation of the meditational system of yoga-how to sit down,how to keep the body straight,how to keep the eye half-closed and how to gaze at the tip of the nose without diverting one's attention,all this being conducted in a secluded place alone-he replied:"Oh Madhusudana,the system of yoga which You have summarized appears impractical and unendurable to me,for the mind is restless and unsteady."(Bg. 6.33)This is important.
(CH2 Text9)Sanjaya said;Having spoken thus,Arjuna,chastiser of enemies,told Krsna,"Govinda,I shall not fight,"and fell silent.(CH2 Text11)The blessed Lord said;"While speaking learned words,you are mourning for what is not worthy of grief.Those who are wise lament neither for the living nor the dead.
We must always remember that we are in a material circumstance wherein at every moment our mind is subject to agitation.Actually we are not in a very comfortable situation.We are always thinking that by changing our situation we will overcome our mental agitation,and we are always thinking that when we reach a certain point,all mental agitation will disappear.But it is the nature of the material world that we cannot be free from anxiety. our dilemma is that we are always trying to make a solution to our
problems,but this universe is so designed that these solutions never come.Not being a cheater,being very frank and open,Arjuna tells Krsna that the system of yoga which He has described is not possible for him to execute.In speaking to Krsna,it is significant that Arjuna addresses Him as Madhusudana,indicating that the Lord is the killer of the demon Madhu.It is notable that God's names are innumerable,for He is often named according to his activities.Indeed,God has innumerable activities.
We are only parts of God,and we cannot even remember how many activities we engage in from our childhood to the present.The eternal God is unlimited,and since His activities are also unlimited,He has unlimited names,of which Krsna is the chief.
Then why is Arjuna addressing Him as Madhusudana when,being Krsna's friend,he could address Him directly as Krsna?The answer is that Arjuna considers his mind to be like a great demon,such as the demon Madhu.If it were possible for Krsna to kill the demon called the mind,then Arjuna would be able to attain the perfection of yoga."My mind is much stronger than this demon Madhu,"Arjuna is saying."please ,if You could kill him,then it would be possible for me to execute this yoga system."Even the mind of a great man like Arjuna is always agitated.As Arjuna himself says:"For the mind is restless,turbulent and very strong,O Krsna,and to subdue it is, it seems to me,more difficult than controlling the wind."(Bg.6.34)IT is indeed a fact that the mind is always telling us to go here,go there,do this,do that-it is always telling us which way to turn.Thus the sum and substance of the yoga system is to control the agitated mind.In the meditational yoga system the mind is controlled by focusing on the Supersoul-that is the whole purpose of yoga.But Arjuna says that controlling this mind is more difficult than stopping the wind from blowing.
(CH11 Text45 and Text46)After seeing this Universal form,which I have never seen before,I am gladdened,but at the same time my mind is disturbed with fear.Therefore please bestow Your grace upon me and reveal again Your form as the Personallity of Godhead,O Lord of lords,O abode of the universe.Oh universal Lord,I wish to see You in Your four-armed form,with helmeted head and with club,wheel,conch and lotus flowers in Your hands.I long to see You in that form.
One can imagine a man strectching out his arms trying to stop a hurricane. Are we to assume that Arjuna is simply not sufficiently qualified to control his mind?The actual fact is that we cannot begin to understand the immense qualifications of Arjuna.After all,he was a personal friend of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.This is a highly elevated position and is one that cannot be at all attained by one without great qualifications.In addition to this,Arjuna was renowned as a great warrior and administrator.He was such an intelligent man that he could understand Bhagavad-gita within one hour,whereas at the present moment great scholars cannot even understand it in the course of a lifetime.Yet Arjuna was thinking that controlling the mind was simply not possible for him.Are we then to assume that what was impossible for Arjuna in a more advanced age is possible for us in this degenerate age?We should not for one moment think that we are in Arjuna's category.We are a thousand times inferior.Moreover,there is no record of Arjuna's having executed the yoga system at any time.Yet Arjuna was praised by Krsna as the only man worthy of understanding Bhagavad-gita.What was Arjuna's great qualification?Sri Krsna says,"You are My devotee.You are My very dear friend."Despite this qualification,Arjuna refused to execute the meditational yoga system described by Sri Krsna.What then are we to conclude?Are we to despair the minds ever being controlled?No,it can be controlled,and the process is this Krsna Consciousness.The mind must be fixed always in Krsna.Insofar as the mind is absorbed in Krsna,it has attained the perfection of yoga.Now when we turn to the Srimad-Bhagavatam,Twelfth Canto we find Sukadeva Gosvami,telling Maharaja Pariksit that in the Golden Age,the Satya-yuga,people were living for one hundred thousand years,and at that time,when advanced living entities lived for such lengths of time,it was possible to execute this meditational system of yoga.But what was achieved in Satya-yuga by this meditation process,and in the following yuga,the Treta-yuga,by the offering of great sacrifices,and in the next yuga,the dvapara-yuga,by temple worship,would be achieved at the present time,in this Kali-yuga,by simply chanting the names of God,hare-kirtana,Hare Krsna.So from authoritative sources we learn that this chanting of HARE KRSNA,HARE KRSNA,KRSNA KRSNA,HARE HARE/HARE RAMA, HARE RAMA,RAMA RAMA,HARE HARE is the embodiment of the perfection of yoga for this age.Today we have great difficulties living fifty or sixty years.Aman may live at the utmost eighty or a hundred years.In addition,these brief years are always fraught with anxiety,with difficulties due to circumstances of war,pestilence,famine and so many other disturbances.We're also not very intelligent,and,at the same time,we're unfortunate.These are the characteristics of man living in Kali-yuga,a degraded age.So properly speaking we can never attain success in this meditational yoga system described by Krsna.At the utmost we can only gratify our personal whims by some pseudo-adaptation of this system,Thus people are paying money to attend some classes in gymnastic exercises and deep breathing ,and they're happy if they think they can lengthen their lifetimes by a few years or enjoy better sex life.But we must understand that this is not the actual Yoga system.In this age that meditational system cannot be properly executed.
(BG.CH9Text26)If one offers Me with love and devotion a leaf,aflower,fruit or water,I will accept it.(BG.CH9Text27)O son of Kunti,All that you do,all that you eat,all that you offer and give away,as well as all austerities that you may perform,sould be done as an offering unto Me.
Instead,all of the perfections of that system can be realized through (bhaki-yoga),the sublime process of Krsna consciousness,through the chanting of Hare Krsna.That is recommended in Vedic scriptures and is introduced by great authorities like Caitanya Mahaprabhu.INdeed,the Bhagavad-gita proclaims that the mahatmas,the great souls,are always chanting the glories of the Lord.If one wants to be mahatma in terms of the Vedic literature,in terms of Bhagavad-gita and terms of the great authorities,then one has to adopt this process of Krsna Consciousness and of chanting Hare Krsna.But if we're content at making a show of meditation by sitting very straight in lotus position and going into a trance like some sort of performer,then that is a different thing.But we should understand that such show-bottle performances have nothing to do with the actual perfection of yoga.The material disease cannot be cured by artificial medicine.We have to take the real cure straight from Krsna.